巴勃羅·魯伊斯·畢卡索 Picasso

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巴勃羅·魯伊斯·畢卡索 Picasso

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巴勃羅·魯伊斯·畢卡索(西班牙語:Pablo Ruiz y Picasso,1881年10月25日-1973年4月8日),通稱巴勃羅·畢卡索,西班牙著名畫家、雕塑家、版畫家、陶藝家、舞台設計師及作家,和喬治·布拉克同為立體主義的創始者,是20世紀現代藝術的主要代表人物之一,遺作逾兩萬件。畢卡索是少數在生前“名利雙收”的畫家之一。

畢卡索、馬塞爾·杜象和亨利·馬蒂斯是三位在二十世紀初期開始造型藝術革命性發展的藝術家,在繪畫、雕塑、版畫及陶瓷上都有顯著的進展。

畢卡索的作品通常被分為4個時期。時期的名稱尚有爭議,大致是“藍色時期”(1901年-1904年)、“粉紅色時期”(1904年-1906年)、“立體派時期”(1917年-1924年)和“晚期”(1946年-1972年)。

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Pablo Ruiz y Picasso

Also known as Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore.

Picasso’s work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1904–1906), the African-influenced Period (1907–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919), also referred to as the Crystal period. Much of Picasso’s work of the late 1910s and early 1920s is in a neoclassical style, and his work in the mid-1920s often has characteristics of Surrealism. His later work often combines elements of his earlier styles.

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